The knee is one of the most complex joints in the human body and is composed of several types of tissue, including bone, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons. Because of its complexity, the knee is susceptible to various injuries and conditions that can cause pain and disability.
One of the most common knee injuries is a tear or damage to the cartilage, which can lead to pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the joint.
So if you need a cartilage repair or replacement, the following options are for you.
1. Cell-Based Cartilage ResurfacingCell-based cartilage resurfacing is a new technique that uses healthy cells from the patient's body to repair cartilage damage. The procedure is less invasive than traditional joint replacement surgery, and it has the potential to provide long-lasting relief from pain and improve joint function.
In cell-based cartilage resurfacing, a small amount of healthy cartilage and bone is taken from another area of the patient's body, typically the hip. The tissue is then processed to isolate the stem cells. These stem cells are injected into the damaged cartilage, where they begin to repair and regenerate the tissue.
The benefits of cell-based cartilage resurfacing include:
• Reduced pain and inflammation
• Improved joint function
• Avoids the need for joint replacement surgery
• Uses the patient's cells, so there is no risk of rejection
2. Microfracture Surgery
Microfracture surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat damaged cartilage. The process involves making tiny fractures in the bone underneath the damaged cartilage. This stimulates the growth of new cartilage and repairs the damaged area.
Microfracture is an effective treatment for cartilage damage and can improve joint function. It is typically performed as an outpatient procedure and does not require a lengthy recovery.
If you are considering microfracture surgery, discussing the risks and benefits with your surgeon is essential. Microfracture is a safe and effective treatment for many people, but it is not suitable for everyone.
3. Physical Therapy
Physical therapy for cartilage replacement and repair involves using exercises and massages to improve the function of the affected area.
Exercises are used to improve the affected joint's range of motion and strengthen the muscles around the joint. Massage is used to enhance circulation and reduce inflammation. Physical therapy may involve heat or cold treatment, electrical stimulation, or ultrasound.
Physical therapy is an effective treatment for cartilage repair and replacement. It is safe and does not require surgery. Physical therapy can improve the affected joint's function and help relieve pain.
4. Osteochondral Autograft
Osteochondral autograft is a surgical procedure used to repair damaged cartilage. The process involves taking a piece of healthy cartilage from another part of the body and grafting it onto the damaged area. Osteochondral autograft is most commonly used to treat knee, hip, or shoulder damage.
5. Knee Replacement Surgery
Knee replacement surgery is a treatment option for people with severe knee damage. The damaged cartilage and bone are removed and replaced with artificial implants during this procedure.
There are several different types of knee replacement surgeries, depending on the patient's specific needs. For example, partial knee replacement surgery involves replacing only the damaged portion of the knee. In contrast, total knee replacement surgery will require replacing the entire knee joint.
Each method has its advantages and disadvantages, so it is essential to consult a doctor or specialist to determine which way is best for you. With the help of modern medicine, cartilage damage does not have to mean the end of an active lifestyle.
If you are searching for a bone and joint specialist to help you, Atlanta Bone and Joint Specialists have your back! We ensure better knee and hip replacement outcomes by utilizing the most recent ceramics, metal technology, and minimally invasive approaches. Schedule a consultation today!